There are many news sources on the internet that provide you with up to date information on the latest in global warming and climate change research and studies. For example, The Bulletin of the Nature Science of the Environmental Epidemiology reports that sea levels have risen at a rapid rate in the past few decades. It has been noted that there have been some major natural disasters in the areas affected by these rapid sea rises, including the recent flooding in Louisiana. This news report discusses some of the many issues concerning global warming and climate change.
Ice melting in the Arctic is a concern for those that live in countries that are prone to such weather changes. According to the news sources, in parts of China, a study has shown that between 2020, the melting of ice in the Arctic Ocean increased at a rate of about twelve millimeters per year. The melting of the ice sheet can raise sea levels up to two meters above normal levels. The added stress on other areas of the world such as Bangladesh, Pakistan and India could also cause flooding. Bangladesh recently experienced severe flooding that took five weeks to subside. If serious steps are not taken to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, future floods and droughts could increase in severity to an extent that could lead to political instability in some parts of the world, increasing the threats posed by global warming and climate change.
A study conducted in Switzerland has shown that the rapid rate of atmospheric warming in the upper atmosphere is linked to increases in the greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. One of the most talked about effects of global warming and climate change is the rise in temperatures in parts of the world such as Australia, which have already reached the record high temperature for the year. Parts of the planet that have witnessed record heatwaves in the recent years include Indonesia and India. The study also indicates that future climate change may be more drastic than previously thought and could even lead to extreme events in the future, including potentially devastating ice melt, resulting in massive flooding and drought in certain regions.
Another study published in Nature Climate Change suggests that if global warming continues at the current rate, it could result in up to a metre increase in sea levels by the end of the century. If global warming speeds up even more, the consequences could be catastrophic. The study was carried out on lab mice and found that when the animals were given carbon dioxide, the amount of heat produced by their bodies was affected. The carbon dioxide increased their core temperature to the same degree as the human body. The findings show that there is a direct link between the frequency and intensity of global warming and the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This finding is alarming as it shows that there could be widespread damage to the world’s ecosystems as a result of climate change if nothing is done to arrest its growth.
In May, an international team of scientists announced that they had succeeded in detecting a slowing down of the Earth’s rate of global warming. This finding, they say, will provide enough weight to take corrective measures immediately. Although they were not able to link the slowing down of the Earth’s pace with any increase in global temperatures, they did say that the findings were an encouragement as it shows that we are not wasting our time and efforts in dealing with the problem of over-use of fossil fuels. The research was carried out at the Russian Arctic research center, the Paleosphere Research institute (PRA), the Academy of Environmental Sciences (AS), the Russian Institute for Remote Environment Monitoring (RISOM).
In May, another study was carried out using satellite data to estimate the actual volume of melt that may occur in the Arctic region this year. The research was carried out at the Norwegian University of Svalbard. The researchers detected an increase in the volume of melt water that could result from global warming. The melt water, they estimate, could amount to as much as 11 feet of sea level rise this year. This comes just before the summer season, which will usually see the highest volume of melt water.
Another research project carried out in cooperation between Polar Earth Science and the Polar Research Institute of Russia was able to detect a rapid decline in the thickness of the ice sheets in the Arctic. The thickness of the ice sheet is falling at an alarming rate according to the new research. The research was carried out at the Russian Arctic Research Institute (IRIN). The research scientist Maxim Yarovlev and his team were able to determine that the decline in the thickness of the ice sheet can only be explained by human caused activity. They noted that there was an increase in glacial mass due to increased snowfall and thawing of permafrost. They added that global warming has resulted in a large part of the increased melt water in the Arctic.
The last piece of research involved a computer model being used to simulate the melting of the ice in the Arctic to determine its possible effect on global temperature. It was found that the simulated melting process would result in as much as eleven feet of sea level rise. This comes as something of a shock as nobody expected such a rapid rate of sea level rise to occur. One of the most severe winters in memory took place just last year with a significant eight feet of sea level rise. The simulations conducted by the Russian researchers also showed that the meltwater from the Arctic Ocean into the Arctic Ocean could lead to increased flooding in the regions.